Unlike in most countries, the United States criminal justice system is not represented by a single, all-
encompassing institution. Rather, it is a network of criminal justice systems at the federal, state, and
special jurisdictional levels like military courts and territorial courts. Criminal laws at these levels vary,
although these are all based on the US Constitution.
The federal criminal justice system handles cases that are national in scope: treason, espionage,
assassination of top-level government officials, among others. Meanwhile, state criminal justice systems
handle crimes that have taken place or, in certain situations, have evident involvement in the state.
Criminal justice system has three components; law enforcement, adjudication and corrections.
The adjudication of a criminal case involves court processes. As with the law enforcement component of
the criminal justice system, the courts are organized at federal, state, and special-jurisdiction levels.
The trial process’ aim is to determine the guilt of suspect. A trial is characterized by an argument that has
two sides: the prosecution and the defense. On the one hand, the prosecution represents the interests of the
victim and, in effect, the society (or state) that the offender is suspected to have violated. On the other, the
defense asserts the innocence of the offender and labors to get the offender acquitted.
Steven Avery is a man from Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, who was convicted of sexual assault and
attempted murder in 1985. After serving 18 years of a 32-year sentence, he was exonerated by DNA
testing and released, only to be charged with murder two years later. This year, at Justinianus Moot
Courts, you have the chance to determine the faith of Mr. Avery. This time you can be the one to make
sure justice is served.